Resolve of Steel.


If you don’t get it (or if you’re not already laughing) read on till the end to see just why this is funny.

Is your New Year Resolve looking a little frayed around the edges already? Is motivation flagging and emotion rising up in revolt?

Well, many resolutions ARE made to be broken. However, a problem with giving up on your resolution right now is that it could set the tone for a dispiriting year ahead where you stop expecting success and feel bad about letting your ‘new self’ down. But all is not lost – you can rework those objective and resolutions.

So read on to see how you can plan workable and trackable goals, motivate yourself by building on successes and moving past failures and – a BATT take on things – how you can make a New Year’s Resolution on any day of the year.

Warning: This post is long. But it’s probably a good reminder that anything worthwhile takes a tiny bit of time.

SMART Objectives and Goals

A lot of resolutions fail because they are framed during that deliriously ambitious period between 11.59 pm on Dec 31st and 12.00 am on January 1st. Mad zeal overtakes common sense and a desire to lose weight suddenly becomes a resolve to “lose weight, do yoga thrice a week, eat once a day on weekdays and drink fruit smoothies the rest of the time, go for an early morning run every day, followed by a cold shower and learn how to cook those diet cakes and sweets so i can fit into those pants by the end of the month…”

Most of this is possible and possibly even make up good goals. But let’s start by SMARTening it up.

SMART goals

These are goals that are Specific Measurable Achieveable Relevant and Time-bound.  Let’s assume that X, a slightly overweight, overworked and sleep-deprived person wants to ‘become healthier’. Sounds possible? Now let’s smarten that up.

SPECIFIC : Define healthy. After all, if X is slightly overweight, losing 1 kg is as healthy as losing 2. Or just walking a little faster every day is healthier. Or sleeping 10 minutes more! So – let’s ask X to define what specifically constitutes ‘healthy’ so that they know for sure when it is achieved.

“I want to become fitter, lose about 11 kilos and sleep more regular hours”.
Alright. Now we’re getting somewhere.

MEASURABLE: Now you know WHERE you want to go. But how do you know if you’re heading in the right direction or you’re getting derailed? You need to see if you’re making progress. So let’s see how to track progress:

“The first step is probably being able to climb up the flight of stairs at home without getting out of breath. And getting about 6 hours of sleep a night instead of the 4 hours I’m getting right now.”

If you break down the final goal into smaller, accurately measurable sub-goals, you’ll be able to take a much better call on how things are going as you progress, rather than landing up in December realising that you’re still panting after 15 steps, though you have lost a kilo or two.

ACHIEVABLE: This is the hard part. Everyone urges us to ‘Dream big’ ! Sure, dream big. But make sure you’re not dreaming crazy!

Probably not achievable given X’s background:  “Starting tomorrow I’m going to be up at 5 in the morning and run 2 kilometres. And I guess I could do some weights in the evening. And some sit-ups when I watch TV….that should help me fit into those pants I saw on that model by the end of the month.”

Achievable, “By April I want to be able to wake up by 6 and run a kilometre. And fit into the pants I last wore in early 2013. And realise that the pants on that model are probably never going to fit me because he/she and I have fundamentally different body builds.”

However, to avoid taking the lazy way out and under-achieving, you could always try and talk things out with a trusted friend/confidant. Remember, never be afraid to ask other people for their inputs. It takes nothing away from what you achieve ultimately and might even help you achieve that much more.

RELEVANT: Relevance is important. If a goal is really not important to your daily life, routine or ideals, your motivation’s going to run dry pretty soon.

If X decides that their goal is to be able to down two glasses of pavakka (bitter-gourd) juice by May, then things get complicated. This is certainly an achievable goal. But how important and relevant, really, is pavakka in the larger scheme of things? Will it help X lose weight and get more sleep? Tying your success or failure to that is bit dicey.

TIME-BOUND: This is where things get real. X not only has a plan, but X’s plan is now given a definite dead-line, which makes it easier for X to plan ahead and set out the measurable sub-goals.

After all, there is a vast difference between saying “I want to sleep 3 hours earlier by the end of the year” and saying “In three weeks, i want to have scaled back my sleeping time by about 20 minutes.”

As you can see SMART works together because all these aspects are interlinked : making a goal specific ensures that you can make it measurable and that you put a time to it. And checking how achievable the goal is certainly helps you set realistic deadlines as well. Deadlines, in turn, help you trim off the irrelevant bits.

So what X is left with now, is a shiny new resolution: By July 2015, I want to have lost 12 kilos. I want to be sleeping at least 7.5 hours a day, and waking up by 6.30. I want to be able to swim 50 laps non-stop in CBC pool.”

The measurable sub-goals will then indicate how much progress X makes each month to achieve this by July. (“2.5 kilos a month, scaling back my sleep routine by about 15-20 minutes every three weeks. Swimming 5 laps more every week.”)

So that’s SMARTened up the goals. But we still need to count in a major factor: Experiencing Success.

Experiencing Success and Failure

Our perception of ourselves is quite strongly linked to personal experiences of success and failure. Someone who abandoned too many goals or resolutions half-way through is going to decide that they are incapable of achievement. This leads to further defence mechanisms, of course, that come to define that person’s idea of what they can and can’t do.

If you action plan is too rigid, it doesn’t take into account that very few changes are absolute and overnight affairs. You will then see every drawback as a failure, see every failure as an endorsement of your inability to achieve thing and, if prolonged, might even start building plans that you know are doomed to fail .

How can you use this knowledge? By using the following BATT-formulated principle: Plan for failure – build on success.

Anticipate that there will be setbacks. This will also help you plan in advance and identify and work around setbacks. Also remember to note progress. So when future setbacks come, you don’t sit back and say “Right. So I anticipated this. it’s happened. So I’ll just abandon my plans.” Instead, you can say, “Ok. I knew there’d be some hitches. This is a *&@*^*& pain in the neck. But I’ve come so far and had some success, so let’s keep going and see what happens.”

Do not be afraid to change your strategy midway through if a particular obstacle gives you a new perspective. But there’s a thin line between re-working a strategy after a reasonable trial period, and re-working a strategy every 3 days because those old pants don’t button up yet.

To fight despair and a drop in motivation (very natural, over time if no success further pushes you) make sure you are noting down experiences with success. Suppose X currently sleeps at 2 or 2.30, any night X goes to sleep before that counts as a success, until this new approximate time forms a new habit.

Forming Habits

A lot of our behaviour stems from habits formed over years. Expecting to undo them in a couple of days is usually as unrealistic as expecting to groldhabitsow a new nose just because you want to. Habits take time to form, and are only formed by repetitive behaviour.

Going back to the bedtime example, if X decides to sleep ten minutes earlier every three weeks (and persists despite a couple of nights of sleeping later), it becomes a habit. Once going to sleep 10 minutes earlier becomes more or less easy/automatic, X can scale it back by  a further 10-15 minutes. In this way, X is essentially turning each goal-behaviour into a habit, rather than looking at it as some arduous, heroic task to be achieved EVERY NIGHT.

Your sub-goals should become habits that approximate the final result: sleeping earlier every night, making it a habit to go for a 15 minute walk every morning or evening, and walking up one flight of stairs wherever you go, morning or evening.

When a habit is acquired, push it back: make that sleeping another 15 minutes earlier, tack on another 10 minutes of walking to the evening session – and trying taking the stairs even if it’s 2 flights up.

From experience – forming the new habit takes the most patience and perseverance. Pushing it back – i.e. moving closer and closer to your final goal-behaviour is just a whole lot of fun and self-exploration once the basic habit is formed!


So, if you’ve made it this far through the post, step back and look at where you want to be 6 months from now and how reasonable that goal is. Break it down into small goals and see what kind of problems you’re likely to have. Talk it over with someone and make a commitment to someone to achieve the sub-goals, so that you have external and internal motivation as well as witnesses to remind you of success. Also learn to ignore people who remind you of failures while downplaying your success. Failures shouldn’t be tossed aside, but nor should they be the only thing you remember from your efforts. There will certainly be people who laugh at your goals or action plan. Unless they’re willing to help you with SMART plans of their own, stop sharing things with them. It’ll probably give you more time to focus on other things as well!

And finally – move away from the Psychological Glamour of January 1st. Jan 1st resolutions bring us that satisfying sense of potential and a Fresh Start that a virgin calendar page brings. But in reality, as the BATT poster shows you, it’s just another day. And every day, every single day in a calendar year, marks a new year (hence our celebration of ‘anniversaries’). And you can even create new milestones for yourself! I.e. “February 2nd, the first day I swam 40 lengths!” and you can make every Feb 2nd the day you swim at least 40 lengths. Or increase it by 40 every year …

But if you DO need to bolster your spirits and deadlines with a ‘fresh start’, then Indians, especially, have rather hit the jackpot. You can, depending on where you are and which part of the country you adopt, celebrate Tamil New year, Padwa, Vishu, Baisakh…and on it goes. They’re all more or less the same time, but then you also have Holi, Labour day, Navaratri, Ramzan, Easter (Lent’s a great favourite! just make sure you keep going even after your 40-day stint!)…you get where this is going, right?

If you’d like to come up with a plan but need some help in terms of breaking down your goals and setting deadlines/making commitments, BATT and our counsellor friends would be happy to help! You can email us – confidentiality guaranteed – or even ask us on our Facebook post if you wouldn’t mind other people listening in!

All the very best to you for every resolution – however large or small, however important or trivial. And remember – don’t hide your failures and certainly share your success. We’ll keep you posted on X’s progress 😉

Malala Yousafzai – Why is it that giving guns is so easy but giving books is so hard ?

There are several articles and books on Malala Yousafzai’s work, all of which depict a young girl with a precise goal and, from very early on in life, the determination and courage to achieve it, not only for herself but for women around the world. Malala constantly points out that thousands upon thousands of girls like her fight their daily struggles for the same things she did: education and the right to dream.

Malala was born in Mingora, in the Swat Valley, Pakistan in 1997, a community which she describes in her book (I Am Malala) as being only to ready to fire guns to celebrate the birth of a boy and only too likely to hush up the birth of a girl (if parents) and commiserate with the family (if anyone else).
But Malala’s family celebrated her birth and named her after the Afghan heroine Malalai of Maiwand who exhorted the Afghan army to victory over the British, falling in battle herself.

Her father, Ziauddin, was a zealous educator and social activist and worked in the school he had set up in Swat, which Malala attended. In 2008, the BBC approached him with a novel proposition: they wanted to run a blog with diary entries of a schoolgirl who described her experiences in the Taliban-controlled region where girls were finding life increasingly restrictive.

After looking around, Ziauddin suggested that his own daughter take this up. And so Malala began the blog on BBC Urdu, narrating her entries over the phone.

It was dangerous because not only was it open defiance of the Taliban, it was also open defiance by a girl who wanted education for all, while the Taliban was trying to ban girls from going to school.

Though the blog entries were published under a pseudonym, she came to prominence under her own identity when her father took her to public meetings where she spoke out against the Taliban.

Her book describes how the family received threats and the idea that she would be shot and killed became a permanent fixture in her mind, accompanying her to and from school every day.
When it did happen, she was on her way to school to write an exam. A Talib stopped her school-bus (an open truck) and a Talib gunman poked his head in from the back and, having ascertained who Malala was, shot her thrice. The first bullet went through her head (left eye socket) and came out of her shoulder. The other two hit her friends, as she fell forward.

Airlifted to Peshawar, she was then moved with her family to the UK where she now goes to school, also travelling for her campaign and prize-ceremonies. Her speech at the UN received (justly so) a standing ovation.

She continues to be a vociferous champion for human rights and the right to education and has met with top leaders around the world. One of the most amusing and powerful incidents she recounts is meeting with Barack Obama in the White House on her own terms (she declined to come for a photo-op and said that if she did come, Obama would have to listen to her) and talking to him about the role the US played in ‘supporting dictatorships and the drone attacks in Pakistan and other countries’.

For a useful guide to the Malala story, visit the below link:

Her book is also a good read, detailing the experiences in her hometown and recording the changes that came with the Taliban regime.

Kailash Satyarthi: Every childhood matters.

Kailash Satyarthi is a social activist who has worked for over 30 years to free children from child-labour in India.

Born in Vidisha, Madhya Pradesh, in 1954, he worked as an electrical engineer before quitting this career in the early 1980s and moving towards a campaign for children’s rights. He was quite a keen campaigner and social activist even in college, as recounted by his peers, and was actively involved in student politics and stood for election as college president, though he lost.

He set up the Bachpan Bachao Andolan (Save Childhood). The name of his NGO is quite interesting as it is not ‘save the children’. It is ‘save childhood’, a distinction he also made in his speech when accepting the Nobel Peace Prize 2014, driving home the point that children are really children only if they can enjoy all the qualities associated with childhood: play, fun, learning, discovery and (a point Satyarthi repeatedly makes) dreaming.

His rescuing of children often takes the daring path of raiding factories or quarries where children are employed and freeing those children, who are taken back to rehabilitation centres he runs. Needless to say, this act does not endear him to the people who have smuggled those children in or who ’employed’ the children to work in terrible conditions in their mines, quarries or factories. He has received several death-threats for his work on identifying sites where children are employed and following up with action to free them. Two of his colleagues were murdered while on the job – one shot and one beaten to death.

Despite the evident dangers, he has continued with his struggles and brought about some landmark achievements:

Global March Against Child Labour: a network of trade unions and other organisations that work together to eliminate child labour.

The 2012 Child and Adolescent Labour (Prohibition) Act – Earlier there was a ban on children below the age of 14 working in some occupations. This act bans children below 14 working in ANY occupation. It also bans some occupations for adolescents (14 to 18 years old).

Rugmark/GoodWeave – Satyarthi realised that one of the biggest driving forces in the new-age order was consumer forces. The market would change itself if consumers protested enough. He used this to the advantage of children working wretchedly in various places by sensitising consumers in markets which imported products made by child-labour. E.g. Woven carpets are one of India’s biggest exports to the US. When consumers learnt that their carpets were made by enslaved children, they protested and refused to buy them. In self-defence, the carpet industry had to change their practices so their products would be acceptable to childre.

Rugmark (now GoodWeave) was an independently awarded certificate that stated that a business did not employ child-labour. The licensing and auditing were carried out by independent bodies with no stake in the matter.

Satyarthi’s fight has freed tens of thousands of bonded labourers – children whose parents borrowed money from someone and promised that until the money was repaid, their family would work for this person. The loan was often not repayable and this family and its services would be sold to another buyer and so on. These children never had a chance – forced into labour (not even employment) at a young age and often facing horrific conditions, to the extent that many of them have no concept of what it is to be ‘free’ and not have to work in slavery.

For more on Satyarthi’s work, you can consult the below links and his own open letter, published in the Guardian:


Keerthana wanted to know why letters on a keyboard aren’t in order.

The truth is, there are several models of keyboards today, including alphabetically-ordered ones.
The very first keyboards developed (for typewriters) did actually have the letters on in alphabetical order.

To know why this arrangement failed, it’s important to understand how a typewriter would work: a key on the keyboard would be tapped, and an arm/hammer (called a type bar) connected to that key would rise up and hit the paper through a band that contained the ink, called the ribbon, printing it with that letter. For a slow-motion look at how this worked you can click on the video below and also look at the associated videos.

Now, this was a mechanical process and typing very fast could result in the little hammers/arms getting jammed or tangled up, thus slowing down the typist.

One man, Chris Shole, decided that there had to be a more efficient way to prevent keys from getting jammed. He analysed words and found that  (in English) the combination of ‘sh’, ‘th’, ‘er’ etc were very common. So these keys would be hit together more often. He realised that by separating these keys (and thus increasing the distance between the mechanical arms), the chances of jamming were reduced.

Using more statistcal anyalysis to figure out which keys were usually hit together,  he set all these combinations far apart on his keyboard so that even if the keys were hit near-simultaneously, there would be absolutely no jamming.  This was how the QWERTY model started out (named for the first 6 letters in the top line. And because it’s easier to say than QWERTYUOIP) – and it proved to really increase speed, eliminating the delays due to jamming.

This model continues even today. However, it is not the only model. There are other models, such as the Dvorak keyboard, which were developed to make typing even easier. As mechanical typewriters gave way to electric typewriters and computer keyboard, people started having other problems: injuries (wrist pain etc), fatigue set in early…

The arrangement of keys on the Dvorak keyboard is, so the inventor August Dvorak said, supposed to make typing easier and less painful. Some studies HAVE found it to be more efficient than the QWERTY keyboard. Others have said there is not much difference.

Different languages also have different keyboards – online tamil keyboards have highly varied layouts. Even within countries that use the Roman script (same letters as English), the keyboard changes. E.g. from France to England, or England to the US!


UK keyboard- note the position of the ‘@’ when compared to a standard US QWERTY layout.

French keyboard – AZERTY layout

So this does explain why the keys on the current keyboard are not in alphabetical order: basically, the arrangement on typewriters from the late 19th century onwards. But does really have any relevant advantages in today’s world?

And it’s not only the layout of the keys, but the whole design of the keyboard that differs between manufacturers. Just type ‘computer keyboard’ into google images and you’ll see a vast variety of shapes and sizes, from Apple’s seductively flat keyboard to something that looks like it was modelled on a sleeping baby elephant.

A simple google search….

For the last word on keyboard arrangements, you can check out this short article which suggests that at this point it’s really a question of re-learning rather than any particular keyboard having more of an advantage!

Roach Coach – Mind control.

Have you ever wondered whether Zombies really exist?
Have you ever watched movies where someone is hypnotised and ordered to kill/steal/[insert crime]? Have you then scoffed at this premise and turned back to ‘real life’?

Well, we’ve found you something that puts every horror movie you’ve watched to shame – yes even a step beyond Alien.

This is a wasp that has developed a mind-control drug and whose stinger is so precise, it can perform the most delicate brain surgery, in order to inject this drug into precise areas of the brain. The wasp then feeds on its victim, before guiding it along, alive and docile,  to its ultimate doom…to be the home for the wasps’ eggs. A mixture of vampire, zombie-maker, and that terrifying thing from Alien, we present the Jeweled Wasp.

Disclaimer: If you have a delicate stummick or are terrified of Periplaneta americana (like some of us are, over at BATT), this story might give you sleepless nights. Having, thus, duly warned you, we now urge you to go check out this fantastic link below. The photos can be skipped- but the story is too intriguing to go past.

But we’re BATT – the connections don’t stop here!

This beautiful, deadly and ruthless creature inspired a song by a band that has given BATT several hours of happiness – in fact it was Skrat’s song The Queen that introduced BATT to the Jeweled Wasp!

If the Jeweled Wasp had a PR firm, they’d have snapped up the rights to this song and signed on Skrat as Groupies on the day the album released!

Read the fascinating facts, listen to the haunting harmonies – and reflect on just how much more lethal and beautifully horrific nature is than anything Homo sapiens can dream up!

[For those of you who didn’t click on the hyperlinked text, here are the links below:

Skrat’s song:

Skrat: ]

Mosquitos and what drives them.

They creep in at your windows when it gets dark and steamy, touch lightly upon your flesh  – and feast on your nutrition-rich blood. They also sparkle sometimes, yet they’re no form of Edward Cullen…

The chief difference being, of course that they’re all ladies, down to the last buzzzzz.

That’s right, it’s only female mosquitos who bite you. Male mosquitos drift off dreamily in search of nectar, which is enough for them. So is the ‘female of the species more deadly than the male‘? Decidedly!

But for a lovely, heart-warming Nirupa-Roy like reason: the nutrients in human blood help them form their eggs. So the next time a mosquito bites you, it’s not just a blood-sucking being. It’s a blood-sucking being that is using you to form new life!

Other fun facts:  mosquitoes (female) can track you using heat. So if you’re cover your body, you might heat up, but the heat transmitted by your body comes down as the exposed skin gets covered. Also, and in keeping with our last post, mosquitos can also perceive colour -and to them blue is highly visible. So if you’re a mosquito-lover and would love to help further their cause and increase population levels – wear short, blue clothes and wander around. It also helps if you’re hot.


Do dogs see 50 shades of grey?

Q. How did scientists figure out that dogs are colourblind?

A. First of all, may be just take a moment to appreciate the fact that you spelt it ‘colour’blind? 🙂

Moving on, we’ll attack this from the bottom up.

Dogs aren’t really colour-blind in the way we humans think they are.  In a general sense, it’s quite hard for us to imagine what other people see, even if they appear to be seeing the same colours as us. With colourblind people it’s even harder because they are essentially seeing things different and it becomes hard to explain to someone what you’re seeing if you can’t explain the colours in a way the other person can understand!*

Vision begins with photoreceptor cells in our eyes which send impulses, through connected nerves, to the brain, where these impulses are interpreted and the ‘image’ created.  These photoreceptor cells are of two kinds: rods and cones.

Both help in vision but work at different light intensities, with cones being more developed. Rods are most effective at low-intensity light and intermediate intensity. At high-intensity there is essentially too much light for them to deal with and the cones take over.

Cones can detect colours and rods can’t. Which is why you can see in low light, make out shapes and structures, but all colours tend to look grey-black. The rods do not have photopigmentation and produce purely black and white vision. In addition, being less sensitive to light, they do not produce detailed images (shapes).

Cones on the other hand, are of different types and stimulated by different wavelengths. Each ‘colour’ we see is basically a different wavelength of light. The range of wavelengths that humans can perceive is called the visible spectrum of light.

There are different kinds of cones, possessing different photopigmentation which react to different spectra of lights. The over all range of colours we can see are the greenish, blue-ish and reddish hues.

Dogs, on the other hand, have only two kinds of cones and can differentiate between yellow and blue but the red-green cones are missing. So a dog does not see this part of the ‘visible spectrum’. As various experiments and examples show: a red ball on green grass is actually rather difficult for a dog to see, all it is likely to see is dark grey on light grey. But a blue ball can be differentiated from the uniformly grey background (what we would call the ‘green’ grass).  But overall, dogs still see different objects, they just can’t make out what colour it is, and if too many objects that are outside their visible spectrum are together, they may find it harder to perceive or differentiate.

However, a dog’s rods are far more light-sensitive than a human’s – i.e. dogs can see better in low-light conditions than humans can.

And while dogs see only a part of the light-spectrum visible to humans, humans see only a part of the overall light-spectrum! Dogs are ‘dichromatic’ (they can differentiate two parts of the spectrum), humans are ‘trichromats’ (they can differentiate the three parts that make up the ‘visible’ spectrum) but other animals like birds are ‘tetrachromats’ which means they can see colours (i.e. wavelengths of light) that humans can’t!

As to how scientists first figured out about dogs : I’m afraid we’re still working on that one. For the moment it seems like just natural scientific curiosity: when scientists began understanding vision and how we perceive shapes and colours, they wanted to see if this was uniform across living beings and, as one author suggests, dogs were chosen initially because of their importance to humans. However, it would seem that the most detailed studies have actually been performed on cats.

For a look at how love trumps cones:

Further references include (the actual list is about 15 items long!) :


– Popular Science, November 1992. pg. 101 (Can be found on GoogleBooks. Their subscription page is currently not accesible)


– Schaefer H.M., Ruxton D. G. (2011) Plant Animal Communication. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

– Case, L.P. (2005). The Dog: Its Behavior, Nutrition and Health. 2nd ed. Blackwell, Iowa


*[There is, of  course, the other fundamental question that underpins human interaction: how do you know you’re talking about the same thing? For all I know, when I look at a ‘green’ leaf and rhapsodise about the colour, the person agreeing with me and equally struck by its beauty might be seeing a ‘pink’ leaf. Or a blob. Or something else. However, let us assume for now that norms exist with reason and that we visually see things, as humans, in more or less the same ways.]


BATT returns!

Dear readers and followers (if any we have!),

We’d like to apologise for BATT’s absence from the blog for a while – but we’ve been doing quite a lot over the past month, including teaming up with the Election Commission of India!

Visitors to Phoenix mall in the past few weeks might have noticed the giant screen flashing exhortations to voters to exercise their rights – preceded by the logos of the Election Commission of India and BATT!

On March 16th, Berty Ashley from BATT and the Chennai Municipal Corporation (which featured early on in the BATT archives) got together at Phoenix to carry out an awareness campaign titled (by BATT) “Rock your Rights”. As the name suggests, part of the campaign was a rock-music concert given by rocker friends of BATT*.
The event was featured in the TOI – the music was apparently so good, that BATT was assumed to be a band and were complimented as such. (Ha!) And so widespread is our fame that we were covered by the Jaipur edition of the Hindustan Times! (Any fans from Jaipur? Could you share your reactions?)

This took a while to organise and in the weeks following we’ve been catching up with the backlog of questions and research.

But done with the excuses now! Over the next week we get back to regular updates and follow-up from our FB page.

Here’s a list of what you can expect this week on the blog:

  • Are dogs completely colour-blind?
  • Are mosquitos sexist?
  • Tolkien-Tolkien-Tolkien
  • The secret behind PIN codes

So we hope you visit us often and enjoy our own updates. And if you’d like any specific questions answered, don’t hesitate to ask them on FB or Gmail!



*Lead singer – Muthomoorthy,  Pearlophony Studios
Acoustic guitar- Dikshith
Classical guitar – Atli, PAVO India
Sound engineering – Elvis John
Bass – Berty Ashley, BATT